There are many medical options that can help with migraines. That includes major advances in the past few years, such as new drugs with fewer side effects that block a brain chemical called calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) to prevent severe headaches.
Consider these ideas:
There is no lab test to determine if you have migraines. However, your GP or a neurologist can discuss your family history and rule out other causes.
Over-the-counter pain relievers may be enough. However, if you take them too often, they may cause rebound headaches and other side effects. Your doctor can prescribe safer prescription alternatives if needed.
Consider other medication or medical devices
Migraines can be treated with a wide range of pharmaceuticals. In addition to CGRP drugs, which may include triptans, antidepressants, and medicines for nausea and seizures, there are also a variety of devices that work by stimulating your nerves.
Seek urgent care
Migraines rarely cause lasting harm, but some headaches require immediate attention. Call 911 or go to an emergency room if the pain is debilitating or you have neurological symptoms, like slurred speech and blurred vision.
Rest before and after
Avoid physical activity during an attack. You may also be sensitive to light and sounds, so try to lie down in a dark, quiet room. When you’re back on your feet, ease back into your regular activities.
Apply heat or ice
Place cold or warm compresses on the back of your neck or across your forehead. Cold temperatures numb the area, while heat relaxes stiff muscles.
Inhale soothing scents
You may find that some odors trigger an attack while others help. Experiment with lavender and mint.
When it comes to migraines, it can take time to discover a treatment plan that’s effective for you. Follow your doctor’s recommendations and let them know about any other methods you use to avoid any harmful interactions.